What is a good care plan for the antepartum and postpartum patient population?
Maternal and child-bearing health care can be an extremely fragile field of work for nurses and patients alike. Unlike all other fields, maternal health focuses on the life of the mother and her unborn fetus or newborn child. As the nurse, it is important for you to take special care of each individual patient and cater care plans to their needs.
In antepartum or “pre-birth” care, there are a number of things that can arise affecting the health of the mother and the fetus. Some of the potential complications concern location of placental attachment (placenta previa and placenta abruption), electrolyte imbalance and dehydration (hyperemesis gravidarum), infections (UTIs), and vitamin deficiencies (anemia).
In postpartum or “after-birth” care, a whole new set of complications might arise. Be on the lookout for vaginal lacerations (could lead to infections), uterine atony, hemorrhaging signs and symptoms, depression signs and symptoms, thrombophlebitis, and mastitis (affecting breast feeding).
Prepare a care plan focused on the mother’s needs as well as the needs of her child. Remember to collaborate with other health care professionals including physical therapists, dietitians, respiratory therapists, and the primary care provider.